Adenosine is a nucleoside that plays an extremely important function in the constitution of DNA. Adenosine also plays a fundamental role in biochemical processes, such as in the transfer of energy (in the transition from ATP to ADP) and in signal transduction, through cAMP. Adenosine covers a wide range of biological activities in the human body. This molecule produces a number of effects including: On the hair, adenosine stimulates hair lengthening; On the liver, adenosine prevents lipolysis, improves the absorption of sugars and causes the reduction of blood vessels; On the lungs, adenosine is capable of narrowing the airways and can be used to lower the pressure inside the pulmonary artery; On the skin, adenosine can increase the proliferation of fibroblasts, carrying out an effective anti-aging effect; On the kidneys, adenosine is able to lower blood flow and decreases the secretion of rennin (an enzyme that has the function of promoting the digestion of milk and regulating the reabsorption of water in the kidneys). However, the most evident effects of adenosine are most noticeable on the central nervous system, because in the brain this molecule acts as a sedative neurotransmitter.
(CAS No: 58-61-7)