- Latin Name: Berberis Vulgaris
- CAS No.: 84649-92-3
- Active Ingredient: Berberine
- Specifications: 98%
- Test Method: Titolazione
- Part used: Roots
- Appearance: Fine yellow powder
It is a shrub from one to three meters high with large brown roots on the outside and yellow on the inside; the plant is very branched with thorny branches.
The leaves are elliptical, narrow at the base into a short petiole, are obtuse or rounded at the apex; the consistency is almost leathery, the surface is glabrous and shiny, the margin is indented. The leaves are alternate on the long branches or are gathered in
bundles on very short twigs, at the base of each of which there is a thorn composed of three-seven very sharp quills
The flowers are grouped in number of 15-20 on pendulous racemes inserted in the axilla of the above mentioned branches; they have six yellow sepals so similar to the six petals that the flower appears to be double.
The fruit is an ellipsoidal berry 1 cm long, red in color and long persistent on the plant, which contains two-three seeds with a horny shell.